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Friday, April 6 • 3:30pm - 4:00pm
FR3.30.18 A Comparison of Residential Satisfaction Among Public Housing Residents and Housing Choice Voucher Recipients

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Korea recently adopted the housing choice voucher program, the representative demand-side program. The public housing program—the major supply-side program—has a relatively longer history in Korea as it was first adopted in the 1980s. There are a lot of studies comparing the effectiveness between demand- and supply-side housing programs (e.g., Mast 2012; Leung et al. 2012; Devine et al., 2003; Pendall, 2000). However, there are only a few studies comparing residential satisfaction among public housing residents with that among housing choice voucher recipients.

This study examines whether residential satisfaction among public housing residents and housing choice voucher recipients differ in Korea. For the empirical analysis, we utilize the 2016 Korea Housing Survey that is a national-level dataset with 20,133 samples. The survey data include various housing variables such as dwelling, neighborhood, and demographic characteristics. More importantly, the survey respondents include 938 public housing residents and 513 housing choice voucher recipients. We first run t-test analyses to compare overall residential satisfaction and neighborhood satisfaction between the two groups. We also run regression analyses to compare the determinants of residential satisfaction among public housing residents and those among housing choice voucher recipients. For the empirical analyses, we include demographic characteristics (e.g., income and age), dwelling characteristics (e.g., accommodation type and housing quality), and neighborhood characteristics (e.g., public security and accessibility to transportation and facilities) as independent variables.

By comparing residential satisfaction from the two programs in Korea, this study will help improving the housing choice voucher program that is still in an early stage. Also, this study will contribute to the literature by considering the difference in residential satisfaction between the supply- and demand-side housing programs.

Seoyeon Park, Sungkyunkwan University; Hee-Jung Jun, Sungkyunkwan University

Friday April 6, 2018 3:30pm - 4:00pm
Provincial Ballroom (2nd Floor)