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Friday, April 6 • 3:30pm - 4:00pm
FR3.30.17 What Makes People Trust Their Neighbors? A Comparative Analysis Based on Housing Types

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Neighborly trust has long been considered to be an essential resource that promotes the sustainable development of a community. Within such context, this research aims to identify the factors that might influence Seoul citizens’ trust towards their neighbors. Previous studies on this topic have investigated the possible determinants of individual trust towards one’s neighbors, but did not consider the influence of residential environment on the trust-building process. By considering the distinct environmental and sociocultural characteristics of Seoul, a highly urbanized city where the majority of its population reside in apartments rather than detached houses, this research takes into account the effects of housing type in the development of residents’ trust towards their neighbors. This research uses 2016 Seoul Survey data and analyzes 19,927 householders living in Seoul. Ordinal logistic regression was performed on three groups based on different housing types to test which factors have significant effect on residents’ trust towards their neighbors. The results indicate different factors may affect resident’s trust towards neighbors based on housing type. In all housing type groups, the residents’ age, level of optimism toward upward mobility, and level of happiness had positive effect on trust towards their neighbors. But factors affecting an individual’s interactions with neighbors were shown to have significant effect only in the detached house group and multi-family and row house groups, where residents have more opportunities to interact and socialize with their neighbors. The results of this research imply that individuals may establish trust with their neighbors in different forms according to the housing type that one resides in. The results also suggest that different housing types and sociocultural characteristics of the city should be considered when developing policies to promote trust among neighbors.

Tae Soo Song, Yonsei University; Up Lim, Yonsei University

Friday April 6, 2018 3:30pm - 4:00pm
Provincial Ballroom (2nd Floor)